HIV Research - 98Alive
Overview of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (“HIV”) is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with body fluids containing the virus.
Without treatment, the median survival time (with access to medical services) after infection with HIV is estimated to be 9 to 11 years depending on the HIV subtype. Without access to basic treatment of symptoms, the survival rate is estimated to 6 to 19 months once HIV has progressed to being AIDS.
There is no known cure for the virus once a person is infected. Current treatments (known as antiretroviral) focus on managing (or slowing) the progression of the disease. Current treatments present recipients with substantial risk of side effects that can have serious impacts on their health. These side effects are set out in more detail below.